You may be eligible to receive benefits under Title II of the Social Security Act if you are NOT a U.S. Citizen. Under Title II (SSDI), if you are living in the United States, in order to receive benefits, you must have earned enough credit and show that you are lawfully present in the United States.
Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) is a monthly benefit for people who are disabled or blind. In order to be eligible for SSDI, you must have worked and paid social security taxes long enough to be covered under Social Security Insurance. SSDI benefits are paid to people who are considered medically disabled and unable to work for 12 months or more because of their disability. Claimants must go through a medical determination process to verify their disability. Disability is defined as being unable to engage in Substantial Gainful Activity (SGA) due to medically determinable physical or mental impairments that are expected to result in death or that have lasted or are expected to last 12 months or longer.
Individuals who are found to be disabled under the Social Security Act are eligible for Medicare coverage. Medicare helps pay hospital and doctor bills of disabled individuals who have worked long enough under Social Security to be insured for Social Security benefits. It generally covers people who have been determined to be disabled and have been receiving benefits for at least 24 months or who have amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; and people needing long-term dialysis treatment for chronic kidney disease or require a kidney transplant. In general, Medicare pays 80 percent of reasonable charges.
Before an individual may receive Social Security Disability Income (SSDI), he or she must prove that his/her medical impairment(s) is severe. Individuals must prove that they suffer from a medically determinable impairment, defined by the Social Security Administration as an impairment that results from anatomical, physiological, or psychological abnormalities, which can be shown by medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques.
Medical impairments, as defined by federal law, are impairments severe enough to prevent an individual from performing any gainful activity. For a child, impairments are severe enough to cause marked and severe functional limitations. Listed impairments have their own requirements of severity to determine if one is automatically eligible for benefits.
Physiological impairments are conditions that cause physical harm such as muscle problems, cancer, HIV, etc. There are physical symptoms associated with a physiological impairment. Psychological impairments are those conditions causing harm to your mental health such as depression, schizophrenia, etc. There may or may not be physical symptoms associated with a psychological impairment.
The Social Security office will not simply take an individual’s as evidence of a medical condition. They will require medical evidence of a physical or psychological impairment(s) that reveals signs, symptoms and laboratory findings associated with the claim.
If you have an impairment(s) which meets the duration requirement and/or is equal to a listed impairment(s), Social Security will find you disabled without considering your age, education, and work experience. But if your impairment(s) does not meet or equal a listed impairment, Social Security will assess and make a finding about your residual functional capacity based on relevant medical information and other evidence in your case record.